The 21st Century Phenomenon




Abdul Hafiz Ghoga, the deputy head of Libya’s ruling National Transitional Council – NTC has submitted, on Sunday 01/22/2012, his resignation after facing large and angry protests in Benghazi over lack of transparency.

Abdul Hafiz Ghoga, who also served as the official spokesman for the NTC, has come under increasing opposition for “opportunism” because of his belated defection from the government of the late Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi. Protesters mobbed and attacked him last week at a Benghazi university.

Residents in Benghazi, the cradle of last year’s uprising against Gaddafi, have been protesting for nearly two weeks, demanding more transparency and justice from the country’s interim leaders (see -LIbyan Civil- War).

Speaking on Libya’s Al Hurra television on Sunday 01/22/2012, after Ghoga’s resignation, Mustafa Abdel Jalil, himself the former justice minister under Gaddafi, the NTC chairman, warned that Libya will fall into civil war if the NTC steps down. “We hoped for security, peace and transparency. We have seen the opposite,” said Miftah Al-Rabia, 28, who was standing outside the NTC’s Benghazi headquarters with a group of protesters.

Three months after the former dictator Muammar Gaddafi was killed, on 10/20/2011 (see – Sirte-Gaddafi), and two months after his son Saif al-Islam Gaddafi was captured by the Zintan militia the NTC is still unable to return to Tripoli. The capital is still controlled by the former Al Qaeda supporter Abdelhakim Belhaj.

Clashes between militias, generally representing tribes or local communities, are frequent in Lybia. On 01/14/2012 a Libyan militia man was tortured to death by pro-NTC militia men in Tripoli.

30,000 people living in the northern Libya town of Tawergha, have been driven out of their homes, in what appears to have been an act of revenge for their role in the three-month siege of the city of Misrata. It is probably only one of many sorts of revenge between pro and anti Gaddafi supporters and between tribes.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon prepared to release a report , in 12/2011, that said 7,000 “pro-Gaddafi prisoners” are languishing in Libya, often in makeshift private jails, without legal process. Many of them are from African countries South of the Sahara. According to Australian Human rights organization they have been the victims of massacres, torture, shooting, abuse and humiliation.

Libyan weapon, including anti-air missiles and chemical shells, obtained by Libyan warlords, was smuggled out of Libya. Large part of it arrived to Gaza Strip and upgraded the military capacity of the local Hamas authorities. So is the case with luxury cars and other commodities (see – MEAST NIGHTMARE).

Libya is not on the path of democracy but on the path of an oil rich Somalia- like conglomerate not in the Horn of Africa but in the Mediterranean a few hundred miels from the coast of Italy.


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